India is richly endowed with different kinds of mineral resources. The exploration of these minerals has contributed immensely in the economic growth of India. Other than contributing to the GDP, the mining industry has created thousands of jobs.

The government has implemented policies that protect and promote mining to ensure that everybody benefits from the mining. In India, both metallic and non metallic minerals are mined.

One of the most important minerals in India is iron. Iron is mined in the crude form of iron ore. Iron ore is processed and is used to make machinery, motor vehicles, bridges, railways, household appliances and many others products. The largest deposits of iron ore are found in Singhbum and Mayurbhanj.

Petroleum is a very important commodity. Although the amount of petroleum in India cannot sufficiently cater for the countries needs, the little that is available is very useful. Petroleum is refined into diesel, kerosene, tar, petrol, lubricating oil and heavy oils. Having Petroleum in India has helped cut down the cost of importing crude oil from other countries.

Metallic minerals such as cooper, gold and aluminum, have a very great importance in India. These precious metals earn the country billion annually in revenue. Aluminum is used for the manufacture of electric cables, household utensils, automobile, airplanes and ship. Copper is used to make electric appliances and cables. Copper is a good electric conductor hence its application in making electric appliances. Gold in India is used to make precious ornaments.

Coal is another important mineral in India. Its most important use is in the extraction of iron and other metal ores. Coal is also used to generate thermal power and as a fuel. Coal is also distilled to produce dyes, nylon, drugs, perfumes and chemicals. Some of the coal mines in India are found in West Bengal, Orissa, Bihar and Damodar Valley.

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